Andrew Gates and Larry Page just graduated from UC with a masters degree in Information Technology. They want to set up their own server building company to help make networking of businesses run smoothly in their municipality. The servers will play a key role in telephony, internet and intranet connections in corporate organizations and other institutions in the Hilton area. They know from independent investment research that IT businesses are striving and very profitable in the State of South Carolina where they want to locate the business.Andrew and Larry know that before they can invest their time and other resources in the project, they must obtain financing, which means that they must raise money to pay for the investment cost and other operating expenses. Because the company might not be listed in any capital market right away, they might not be able to raise equity funding publicly. Therefore, they are considering raising long term capital from various sources includingangel investors,venture capital market,bank/finance companieslong-term loans,crowdfunding, andinitial public offerings (IPOs).They learnt in corporate finance course they took two years ago the advantages and disadvantages of different forms of business organizations (mainly sole proprietorship, partnership, limited liability, and corporation). They are worried about the legal concept oflimited liabilityand how it will affect their personal fortunes in the future in case the business fails. They are not very sure which form of business organization to set up to protect their personal liability and give them access to huge funding. Therefore, they are considering a partnership, a limited liability, or a corporation.A cash budget they prepared shows that $5 million seed money would be needed to hire programmers, buy computers, rent an office space, promote and market the business as well as to meet other business development expenditures. They have agreed to share profits and losses equally if they decide to form a limited partnership. The general partner will, however, be paid a fixed salary of $5,000 per month before taxes and other payroll deductions.In order to make good and right decision, Andrew and Larry have approached you to help them understand theadvantagesanddisadvantagesof the various forms of business organizations and possiblesources of fundingfor the business.Give 2 advantages and 2 disadvantages of each of the following forms of business organization to Andrew and Larry: partnership, limited liability, and corporation Ultimately, what form of business organization would you recommend Andrew and Larry to consider. Why? Based on your recommendation above, explain to Andrew and Larry if the following sources of raising long-term capital are appropriate for them: angel investors (angels) crowdfunding venture capital initial public offering, and long-term debt 2.FINANCIAL STATEMENT ANALYSIS AND FINANCIAL MODELSAndrew and Larry want to use financial planning models to prepare a projected (or pro forma) financial statement to determine the profitability and financial health of the business for the next year. Use the proforma financial statement below to answer the following questions:PRO FORMA INCOME STATEMENT($millions)Total operating revenues78Less Expenses57Less Depreciation9Earnings before interest and taxes12Less Interest2Net income before taxes10Less taxes @ 10%1Net income9PRO FORMA BALANCE SHEETAssets:Cash8Other current assets18Net Fixed Assets40Total Assets67Liabilities and Equities:Accounts payable12long-term debt18Stockholders’ Equity37Total Liabilities & Equities67a. What is theestimated profitof the business for next year?b. Calculate the followingprofitability ratiosand explain to Andrew and Larry whether the business looks profitable: i. Profit margin ii. Return on Assets iii. Return on EquityAlso explain and calculate the:iv. Operating cash flowc. Assuming you project a 25% increase inoperating revenue(sales) per year what will be the anticipated operating revenue in two years?d. If net income is projected to increase by 10% per year, what will be theprofit marginin next two years?e. What will be the estimatedearnings per share(EPS) next year if 1,000,000 shares are issued? (note: EPS = net income / total shares outstanding).
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