Argumentative essay on Read the NYT Nov.9. Needs to be 8 pages. The forest formerly occupied more than 4 million square kilometers. Of concern has been the deforestation that has been a major threat to this resource. The rate of deforestation has in currently accelerated to over 8000 hectares each year (Lui and Lu, 322).One of the major causes of deforestation is ranching. The raising of bulls for meat is very popular in Latin America. However, it remains a low profit activity and only continues because it benefits greatly from government credits and subsidies or because of prospective speculative gains. Ranchers clear trees within the forest to create land for pasture with the number of farmers involved in this practice increasing (Sergio Margulis, 5). This is because it produces higher rates of economic return than the countrys traditional cattle ranching areas. Rates are much higher due to availability of cheap land and favorable production conditions such as rainfall.Without trees, soil nutrients are easily washed away leading to infertile soils. Over years of use, pasture land progressively becomes unproductive and is later abandoned. This land utilization precludes agriculturists from using the same zone for more than a few years. Ranchers then clear more forest area to make land for pasture. This threatens the forest and the biodiversity within it. Indigenous communities are also forced to move deeper into the forests as their native land is stolen from them.The international market for soybeans has been rapidly expanding with demand exceeding supply. Soybean growing has gradually shifted from temperate to tropical regions due to availability of cheap land. Latin America has had much growth in this with Brazil, Bolivia and Paraguay being on the receiving end (Phillip, 24). Governments in Latin America have been hugely supportive in soybean growing through agricultural subsidies.An unintended consequence is agricultural areas expanding into forest zones. Deforestation occurs as plantation owners purchase
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